SASSI: Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory
Developed by the SASSI Institute, 1988
- Length/Time: 93 true/false items for adults, 100 for adolescents; About 20-25 minutes to administer and score
- Developed by: The SASSI Institute, 1988; Revised 1994 and 1998
- Target Population: Adults and adolescents
- Intended Settings: Inpatient and outpatient, courts, jails and prisons, psychiatric clinics, and educational and vocational settings
- Assesses: Identification of individuals with a high probability of substance abuse or dependence, particularly patients in denial
- Administered by: Self-Report
- Available Formats: Computerized self-report, Print, Online
- Copyright: Yes
- SASSI has shown to be extremely sensitive and specific across a range of clinical populations (Lazowski, et al, 1998)
- Excellent psychometrics (Passik, et al, 2008)
- Designed to identify individuals with a high probability of having a diagnosable substance-use disorder so that they may be further evaluated regarding specific diagnostic criteria
- Designed to identify people with substance use disorders regardless of whether they were able or willing to acknowledge relevant symptoms
- Decreased susceptibility to deception due to inclusion of both face-valid items and subtle items that bear no apparent relation to substance abuse
- Score not influenced by demographic variables (Lazowski, et al, 1998) or gender (Gray, 2001)
- Not validated in pain patients
- More time consuming to administer and score than other assessment tools
- May have lower predictive value for African Americans than for Caucasians and Hispanics (Peters, et al, 2000).
Gray TB. A factor analytic study of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI). Educ Psychol Meas. 2001; 61:102-118.
Liskow B, Campbell J, Nickel EJ, Powell BJ. Validity of the CAGE questionnaire in screening for alcohol dependence in a walk-in (triage) clinic. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 1995; 56: 277-281.
Passik SD, Kirsh KL, Casper D. Addiction-related assessment tools and pain management: instruments for screening, treatment planning and monitoring compliance. Pain Med. 2008; 9: S145-S166.
Peters RH, Greenbaum PE, Steinberg ML, et al. Effectiveness of the screening instruments in detecting substance abuse disorders among prisoners. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2000; 18:349-358.